Indian Model Text of Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA)
Settlement of Disputes between an Investor and a
(1) Any dispute between an investor of one Contracting Party and the other Contracting Party in relation to an investment of the former under this Agreement shall, as far as possible, be settled amicably through negotiations between the parties to the dispute.
(2) Any such dispute which has not been amicably settled within a period of six months may, if both Parties agree, be submitted:
(a) for resolution, in accordance with the law of the Contracting Party which has admitted the investment to that Contracting Party?s competent judicial, arbitral or administrative bodies; or
(b) to International conciliation under the Conciliation Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law.
(3) Should the Parties fail to agree on a dispute settlement procedure provided under paragraph (2) of this Article or where a dispute is referred to conciliation but conciliation proceedings are terminated other than by signing of a settlement agreement, the dispute may be referred to Arbitration. The Arbitration procedure shall be as follows:
(a) If the Contracting Party of the Investor and the other Contracting Party are both parties to the convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and nationals of other States, 1965 and the investor consents in writing to submit the dispute to the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes such a dispute shall be referred to the Centre; or
(b) If both parties to the dispute so agree, under the Additional Facility for the Administration of Conciliation, Arbitration and Fact-Finding proceedings; or
(c) to an ad hoc arbitral tribunal by either party to the dispute in accordance with the Arbitration Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, 1976, subject to the following modifications:
(i) The appointing authority under Article 7 of the Rules shall be the President, the Vice-President or the next senior Judge of the International Court of Justice, who is not a national of either Contracting Party. The third arbitrator shall not be a national of either Contracting party.
(ii) The parties shall appoint their respective arbitrators within two months.
(iii) The arbitral award shall be made in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement and shall be binding for the parties in dispute.
(iv) The arbitral tribunal shall state the basis of its decision and give reasons upon the request of either party.
Disputes between the Contracting Parties
(1) Disputes between the Contracting Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Agreement should, as far as possible, be settled through negotiation.
(2) If a dispute between the Contracting Parties cannot thus be settled within six months from the time the dispute arose, it shall upon the request of either Contracting Party be submitted to an arbitral tribunal.